Economic and Demographic Update
Population: The population in Cleveland in the 4Q of 2021 was 2,076,740. This represents a decrease in total population of 7,350 over the course of the last year. During 2020 Q4, the Cleveland population stood at 2,084,090. The number of people employed rose to 1,037,802 in 2021 Q4 from 1,025,764 over the last quarter, an increase of 12,038 or 1.17% for the period.
Median Income: The median household income for Cleveland in the 4Q of 2021 was $59,934. At this time last year, the median household income was $55,939. 2021 Q4 median income represents a quarter-over-quarter increase of 1.96% and a year-over-year increase of 7.14%. Cleveland has a median household income lower than the U.S. average, which is $69,124.
Current and Historical Data Review (Rates PSF, Vacancy)
Office leasing: Overall office base rent rates have increased by $0.14/SF. Rates went from $17.26/SF in 2021 Q3 to $17.40/SF in this most recent quarter. Office rates grew in 2021 Q4 when compared to last year’s quarter, when office base rent was $16.95/SF.
Vacancy rates also went from 8.20% to 8.00%. They stood at 7.40% this time last year. Throughout the next quarter, the vacancy rate is expected to rise from 8.00% to 8.30%.
In the Cleveland market’s central business district (CBD) specifically, 2021 Q4 base rents stood at $20.59/SF, a decrease from $20.61/SF in 2021 Q3. When compared to last year’s quarter, CBD office rates decreased from $21.62.
CBD vacancy rates went from 10.40% to 10.20%. Throughout 2022 Q1, the CBD vacancy rate is expected to remain the same at 10.20%.
Office Sales Metrics (Cap Rates, Volume, Average Price PSF)
For investors, the cap rate during 2021 Q4 was 10.20%, compared to the previous quarter’s cap rate of 9.40%. The cap rate was 10.60% this quarter last year.
In terms of transaction volume, there were 57 sales transactions during the period. That’s an increase compared to the 52 transactions in the previous period. Last year at this time, there were 53 transactions. In terms of transaction amounts, office transactions were valued at $16,998,544 in 2021 Q4. That’s a decrease compared to $88,781,024 of transaction value in the previous period. Last year at this time, office transactions were valued at $39,520,280.
Industrial Leasing Metrics (Rates PSF, Vacancy)
Industrial leasing: For the Cleveland, OH industrial sector, we look at warehouse and distribution spaces specifically. Warehouse and distribution base rent rates have increased by $0.08/SF. They went from $5.38 in 2021 Q3 to $5.46/SF in this most recent quarter. Warehouse and distribution rates grew in 2021 Q4 when compared to last year’s quarter, when industrial base rent was $5.18/SF.
Vacancy rates also went from 5.00% to 4.90%. Next quarter, the vacancy rate is expected to reach 4.30%.
Industrial Sales Metrics (Cap Rates, Volume)
For investors, the industrial cap rate during 2021 Q4 was 6.20%, compared to the previous quarter’s cap rate of 7.40%. The cap rate was 7.50% this quarter last year.
In terms of sales volume, industrial transactions were valued at $109,593,968 during the quarter. That’s an increase compared to $73,246,752 of transaction value in the previous quarter. Last year at this time, industrial sales transactions totaled $178,575,776.
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All data aggregated in this report is provided by CoStar Realty Information Inc. CoStar is a provider of information, analytics and marketing services to the commercial property industry in the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, France, Germany, and Spain.